Category Archives: Cyberpunk

Automata

automata-spotlight

Automata-poster Summary: Jacq Vaucan is an insurance agent of ROC robotics corporation who investigates cases of robots violating their primary protocols against harming humans. What he discovers will have profound consequences for the future of humanity.
Director: Gabe Ibáñez
Starring: Antonio Banderas, Birgitte Hjort Sørensen, Melanie Griffith, Dylan McDermott, Robert Forster, Tim McInnerny
Official Website
Wikipedia
IMDB
Metacritic


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PLOT – SPOILER WARNING:
Set in 2044 after solar flares have made the Earth’s surface radioactive, 99.7% of the Earth’s human population has been wiped out. The survivors built robots, the Automata, to help them rebuild in harsh environments. The robots have two unalterable protocols: the first obliges them to preserve human life; the second limits them from fixing themselves. Initially, these robots were popular, but failure to stop desertification saw them shifted in roles to manual labor and domestic care. Jacq works as insurance claim checker for the company that makes the robots, the ROC. One day he investigates a report from a cop, Wallace, who shot a robot claiming it was fixing itself and looked alive. The next day, he follows a robot which was stealing parts, and when Jacq finds it hiding outside the walls, it intentionally sets itself on fire. He takes the burned robot’s brain core. Jacq speculates to his friend and boss Robert that there might be someone, a clockmaster, who somehow succeeded in altering the second protocol, and hopes that if he were able to close the case by finding such a person, he would be able to transfer to a city on the coast, as he fears that the city is too dangerous for his unborn daughter. In Jacq’s dreams, it is hinted that he has memories of the ocean, before it dried up.
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Jacq shares his plan with Wallace, who brings him to a woman who owns a prostitute robot in the ghetto, which is capable of harming a human for the purposes of pleasure. When Jacq is unable to get the clockmaster’s name from the owner, the cop shoots at the robot (Cleo), saying it will be easier to simply follow the owner to Cleo’s clockmaster. Jacq meets Cleo’s clockmaster, Dr. Dupre, but gets no valuable information, he leaves her his card and the board containing the kernel of the burned robot, promising a nuclear battery he had recently recovered, as a reward for information. The next day, however, the doctor calls Jacq, to inform him that after she had installed into Cleo a hybrid between the ruined kernel and a standard kernel, the robot started to repair itself. Jacq messages Robert about it, but the ROC intercepts the message and sends a team of men and child soldiers. Dupre is killed, but Jacq manages to escape from the doctor’s workshop and gets into a car in which Cleo is trying to drive off. The two drive out of the city but they are being followed by two ROC henchmen. During the chase the henchmen drive into dragon’s teeth while Jacq and Cleo rollover.
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Jacq wakes up the next morning in the radioactive desert with three unknown robots and Cleo. They don’t obey his command to take him to the city, but the first protocol makes them carry him with them and save him from hunger and dehydration. Jacq manages to secretly send a text message with his rough location to Robert. Knowing of the danger Jacq is in, Robert asks Wallace to recover Jacq in exchange for wiping Wallace’s record clean, as he knew that Wallace was being investigated for the use of drugs while on duty. Robert didn’t know that Wallace intended to extort Jacq for half the value of the nuclear battery, and when Wallace finds Jacq, a physical confrontation ensues. The robots, unable to harm Wallace or permit harming Jacq, freeze in confusion as Wallace threatens Jacq with a gun. Two robots consecutively step in front of the gun to prevent it from killing Jacq, and both are destroyed. When Cleo steps in front of the gun, Jacq fires a flare gun into Wallace’s stomach, killing him and causing his partner to flee with their vehicle. Informed of the failure, the ROC orders another team out to kill Jacq.
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At a cable car station on the edge of a canyon, Jacq meets the robot which altered all of the others and was the original of its kind. After a philosophical talk with him in which Jacq expresses uncertainty in his memories of the ocean and of his own survival, Jacq surrenders the nuclear battery that the robots need. They use it to build an insect-like robot. The ROC forces Robert to track Jacq with their henchmen. Unable to find him, they kidnap Jacq’s wife and newborn daughter. Robert, disagreeing with the intent to use Jacq’s wife and daughter as hostages, reveals a gun he had taken from Wallace’s corpse, and in the ensuing firefight, he is wounded and left for dead. In the morning, the robots repair a truck for Jacq so he can return to the city. Jacq initially takes the car, but after finding the dying Robert and learning his family is in danger decides to go back. In the meantime the henchmen arrive at the station and kill one of the robots Jacq met in the desert and the original free-thinking robot, additionally they also wound Cleo. Jacq arrives back at the station and crashes the truck into a pile of barrels, killing two henchmen in the process. After getting out of the wreckage Jacq shoots one of the henchmen but soon he is cornered by the last remaining henchman. The insect-like robot jumps on the henchman pushing him off a nearby ledge. The man catches a lower ledge, but he eventually loses his grip and falls to his death. Jacq reunites with his family and Cleo thanks him. Jacq, severely wounded in the gunfight, recalls his memories of the ocean before it dried as his wife drives him to the remaining ocean for his dying wish.
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Crystal Castles

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Crystal Castles was an experimental electronic band formed in 2003 in Toronto consisting of producer Ethan Kath and formerly of vocalist Alice Glass. The duo was known for their chaotic live shows and lo-fi melancholic homemade productions. They released many limited vinyl EPs between 2006 and 2007.
Official Site | Last.fm | Facebook | Twitter
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In 2006, their first single/EP “Alice Practice” was released on vinyl and was limited to 500 copies, which sold out in 3 days. Their debut album, Crystal Castles, was released in 2008 and was listed on NME’s “Top 100 Greatest Albums of the Decade” list at No. 39.
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In 2010, they announced their second album, titled Crystal Castles aka (II), after they released their first studio EP, Celestica/Doe Deer. The album was their first release to chart on the Billboard Hot 100, and includes their first worldwide charting single, “Not In Love”, featuring Robert Smith of The Cure. The album has received general acclaim and was placed on many 2010 top critics lists.
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Their third album, (III), was released on November 12, 2012. 4 singles have been released: “Plague”, “Wrath of God”, “Sad Eyes”, “Affection”.

Alice Glass announced her departure from the band in October 2014, citing both personal and professional reasons.

Formation and debut album
Ethan Kath met Alice Glass in Toronto when she was 15. He thought he had found an “undiscovered poet” after hearing her sing in her all-girl punk band Fetus Fatale. Kath asked her to record vocals over tracks he had been working on since 2003. After writing lyrics for 5 tracks, she went to a studio to record them, where an engineer secretly recorded her soundcheck. Kath discovered the secret soundcheck recording, named it “Alice Practice,” and uploaded it online under the band name Crystal Castles, a line from the cartoon She-Ra that stated “The fate of the world is safe in the Crystal Castle.” In 2005 the songs “Magic Spells”, “Untrust Us”, and “Alice Practice” grew popular online, and he began receiving offers from record labels. This news was especially shocking to Glass, having lost touch with Kath since the recording and up to that point unaware “Alice Practice” even existed. The song became the band’s first official release in 2006 on a limited vinyl which was released by London’s Merok Records. The record included tracks like “XXZXCUZX ME”, which Kath states he made ‘grating’ on purpose. When questioned about his motives behind this move, Kath responded with “To weed out the wimps, to annoy the posers. We are saying, “We are not for you”.
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Several limited edition 7″ vinyl singles followed in 2006 and 2007 on various independent labels, including two on London’s Trouble Records.[citation needed] In 2008, Lies Records collected most of the vinyl singles and released them on CD and 12″ vinyl for the first time, along with many previously unreleased tracks and 3 songs recorded just for the collection which made their debut album.[citation needed] This eponymous debut album was included in NME’s “Top 100 Greatest Albums of the Decade” list at number 39.
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Crystal Castles (II) and (III)
Crystal Castles at Counterpoint Festival 2012
The band’s second album, also self-titled (also known as Crystal Castles (II)), was released on May 24, 2010. In April 2010, an early mix of the album leaked, prompting the label to release earlier than expected (original release date was June 2010). The album was moderately successful charting in the UK at number 48, the US at number 188 and number 25 in Australia.
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The third single taken from the album, “Not in Love”, featuring Robert Smith from The Cure, is currently the band’s highest charting single to date. Crystal Castles headlined the Shockwaves NME Awards Tour 2011 in the United Kingdom while singer Alice Glass suffered from a broken ankle.
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In March 2012, Crystal Castles announced their relocation to Warsaw to begin recording their third album. On June 14, 2012, a self-shot video of Crystal Castles’ June 9 performance at Parklife 2012 was uploaded to YouTube, boasting a then-untitled new, unreleased song. Over the following weeks, the song’s name was revealed to be “Plague” and was released on July 25 as a single, via Crystal Castles’ SoundCloud page. On September 26, the duo released “Wrath of God” as the album’s second single. On the same day, the duo stated that the album would be released on November 5, a date that was later pushed back to November 12. The official cover art of the album was posted on the band’s Facebook page. On October 9, the band revealed the official track listing on their Facebook. The album was released on iTunes on November 7, five days earlier than the anticipated release date. “Affection” was released as the album’s third single on October 31, 2012.
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Alice Glass’ Departure
In October 2014, via a Facebook post, Alice Glass announced she was leaving Crystal Castles. The statement read:

“My art and my self-expression in any form has always been an attempt towards sincerity, honesty, and empathy for others. For a multitude of reasons both professional and personal I no longer feel that this is possible within Crystal Castles. Although this is the end of the band, I hope my fans will embrace me as a solo artist in the same way they have embraced Crystal Castles.”
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Musical style
Crystal Castles’ musical style has been described as “ferocious, asphyxiating sheets of warped two-dimensional Gameboy glitches and bruising drum bombast that pierces your skull with their sheer shrill force, burrowing deep into the brain like a fever.”[19] To listen to Crystal Castles, according to the BBC, “is to be cast adrift in a vortex of deafening pain without a safety net. You get the feeling you could do anything in the world, but that ‘anything’ would ultimately mean nothing.”

With the release of their second album, their music made a “shift toward beauty and clarity,” finding “different ways to mix icy synth pop with white-hot noise, as well as present them in an ever so slightly more polished form.”
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During recording of their third album Ethan Kath adopted a “strictly no computers rule,” and ditched their old synthesizers and keyboards. Of this decision Ethan revealed Crystal Castles wanted “the new album to sound like a completely different and new experience” and revealed that they had limited themselves to one take per song because they believed “the first take is the rawest expression of an idea.”
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Remember Me

Rememberme-spotlight

Rememberme-posterDeveloper: Dontnod Entertainment
Publisher: Capcom
Director: Jean-Max Moris
Producer: Nicolas Simon
Designers: Philippe Moreau, Marc Pestka
Programmer: Jerome Banal
Summary: The game is set in the year 2084, in a futuristic version of Paris called Neo-Paris. The Memorize corporation has invented a new brain implant called the Sensation Engine (Sensen), which enables roughly 99% of the population to upload and share their memories on the net, as well as remove unhappy or unpleasant memories. This gives Memorize an immense degree of control over the population and enables them to establish a surveillance state. This, in turn, leads to a small group of rebels forming under the name “Errorists”: their mission is to bring down Memorize. The invention of the Sensen has also resulted in the creation of Leapers; memory-addicted humans who have absorbed so many memories that their Sensen has degraded and they have mutated into a subhuman form, now living in the sewers of Neo-Paris.
Artists: Aleksi Briclot, Michel Koch
Writers: Alain Damasio, Stéphane Beauverger
Composer: Olivier Derivière
Voice Cast: Kezia Burrows, Kosha Engler, Nathan Nolan


Buy Here | Official Website | Wikipedia | IMDB | Metacritic | Facebook | YouTube

STORY – SPOILER WARNING
The game begins as Nilin (Kezia Burrows[7]), an Errorist imprisoned in the Bastille Fortress, is having almost all her memory wiped by Memorize. As she is taken to have the last of her memories wiped, a mysterious man called Edge, leader of the Errorists and a man she only hears over her comm device, helps her escape. Edge tells her that she is an Errorist with the gift of both stealing and remixing memories. After escaping into the slums of Neo-Paris, Nilin encounters Tommy, a fellow Errorist. Suddenly, Nilin and Tommy are attacked by Olga Sedova, a bounty hunter chasing Nilin. Nilin dives into Olga’s mind and remixes her memory to make Olga become an Errorist ally and she transports Nilin to her first destination.
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Arriving in the Saint-Michel district, Nilin, who is aided by another Errorist codenamed Bad Request, is told by Edge to steal secret codes from Kaori Sheridan, Neo-Paris’ top architect. After retrieving and uploading the codes to Edge, he uses the codes to open the Saint-Michel dam, flooding the district. Due to the flood draining out the slums, Nilin is able to infiltrate the Bastille and heads to the memory servers to free the stored memories of herself and the inmates while taking down Madame, the sadistic manager of the Bastille. After defeating Madame, Nilin releases the memories of the inmates and partially regains some of her own. She remembers the crime that landed her in the Bastille; on a mission, Nilin remixed the mind of a Memorize commander and made him believe he had killed his girlfriend. The altered memory pushed him to commit suicide.
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Nilin reluctantly goes along with Edge’s next plan: to remix the CEO of Memorize, Scylla Cartier-Wells, to make her see the harm her company’s technology is causing. Nilin makes her way into Scylla’s office and enters her mind, remixing the memory of a car crash which left her with a bitter taste against the world. As she changes the memory to make Scylla a more compassionate person, Nilin discovers that she is Scylla’s daughter. Nilin is then told by Edge to head for the Bastille basements to save Bad Request, who has been taken captive. She finds Bad Request, but discovers that his memory has been fully wiped. Nilin then discovers that Memorize scientist Doctor Quaid is trying to find a way to control the Leapers through their Sensens to create a private army for Memorize. However, Johnny Greenteeth, a former co-worker of Quaid’s who was experimented on and turned into a Leaper, kills Quaid and prepares to self-destruct the Bastille. Bad Request helps Nilin take down Johnny at the cost of his life and Nilin escapes the destroyed facility.
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With all of Memorize’s secret operations taken down, Edge presses Nilin to find the Conception Cube, Memorize’s central base, and destroy H3O, the Memorize Central Server. Once there, she encounters her father, Charles Cartier-Wells, the creator of the Sensens. Upon finding him, she sees that, fueled by the car accident that injured his wife, he has become lost in a dream of an ideal world free from painful memories, all inspired by the desire to help Nilin forget about the accident. Nilin makes him see the harm his technology causes, and Scylla arrives to convince Charles to help Nilin enter the Central Server. Once in the presence of the Central Server, it is revealed to Nilin that Edge is a self-aware entity created by the amalgamation of unwanted memories within H3O. Nilin, who unwittingly started Edge with the memories of her unhappy childhood, enters the Server and, at H3O/Edge’s will, she destroys him and releases the memories back into the general population.
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As the memories are released, Nilin remembers Edge’s words about the mind being a fortress, and says that Edge died to remind people that memories should not become open to all, and that painful memories should be lived with rather than forcibly removed. She finishes that outside her now-restored mind she has a family again and a damaged world to heal.
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GAMEPLAY
Remember Me features platforming, exploration and melee combat. The game introduces the mechanic of ‘memory remixing’: entering and rearranging a target’s memories to manipulate them. Players accomplish this by replaying a memory and modifying details to change the target’s recollection of the outcome. Another key mechanic of gameplay is stealing memories from certain targets and using points called Remembranes to replay the memory in real-time: this is often needed to proceed through the game or avoid hazards otherwise hidden from the player. When the player is low on health, the screen will glitch until a sufficient amount of health is regained.
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In terms of combat, the game allows players to create and customize their own move combos in the Combo Lab, which uses four families of fighting moves called Pressens that players can reorganize by creating chains, earned through gaining PMP (Procedural Mastering Power), with a limit of four combos being active at any one time. The four Pressen families are “Regen” (healing), “Power” (damage), “Chain” (duplication and doubling of previous moves) and “Cooldown” (regeneration of S-Pressen energy). The game’s creative director, Jean-Max Moris has said that there are 50,000 possible Pressen combinations. The special moves, S-Pressens, are made available to the player through the course of the game: the moves enabling them to do things like stun groups of enemies, move at high speed and land more hits, or turn hostile robots into allies which then self-destruct. Players also have access to projectile-based weapons like the ‘Spammer’ and ‘Junk bolt’.

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Scattle

Scattle-spotlight
Scattle is a producer, indie game developer, graphic designer, music video maker and game composer. Best known for the soundtrack to Hotline Miami.

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Terra Glitch:
What was your first ventures into music creation?
Scattle: The first thing I ever used to make music was called Tunafish. Great sequencer but I just stuck with all the stock sounds for ages because I never knew any better. Used to make weird videogame remixes and like, 30 second tracks. Next I started using Daisuke Amaya’s PXTONE to start making random chiptunes and remixes. But at last, I have found Renoise and have been cranking out beats with that awesome tracker since!

Terra Glitch: Kavinsky or Justice?
Scattle: Both, and Mr. Flash

Terra Glitch: Tell us a little bit about your tools of the trade and tell us a bit about your process?
Scattle: I use GraphicsGale, Photoshop, Game Maker Studio, and Renoise. Adobe Illustrator too, sometimes. Right now I’m working on a game so I like to devote an entire day to a certain aspect of development. If Im doing sound I’ll just have Renoise open, if animation, I’ll just use GraphicsGale, etc. until I have enough assets for the game to really make a difference, then I open up Game Maker and code them all in.
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Terra Glitch: How did you get to be on the soundtrack of Hotline Miami?
Scattle: When Hotline Miami was getting made, me and Jonatan would chat on msn messenger. One day he sent me over a build for a game called Cocaine Cowboy wich was basically the prototype. It was pretty damn fun but after a couple months passed I was wondering what happened with it. I ended up emailing Jonatan and asking if he would be cool with me making a song for the game. I sent him the demo for Knock Knock, and the rest is history!

Terra Glitch: Any new projects we can look forward to from Scattleware?
Scattle: My first iOS game Smash Jungle is coming quite soon and I couldn’t be more stoked about it! I feel like I’ve finally made a really decent little arcade game for the platform. Here’s a little teaser for it:

Other than that, just more music and hopefully some more DJ gigs around the corner

Terra Glitch: What do you prefer, making music or developing games?
Scattle: So hard to choose! I’d probably say I like developing games a bit more because it provides a bigger canvas for the music to exist, if that makes sense. Plus its also really fun to think up weird gameplay mechanics and mess with people’s expectations.
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Terra Glitch: Is there anyone you would like to collaborate with?
Scattle: I’d absolutely love to collaborate with Anamanaguchi. Those guys have been killing it for years. It would also be pretty rad to collaborate with Oliver too

Terra Glitch: If you had to make a 10 song playlist what would be on it?
Scattle:

Official Site | Bandcamp | Last.fm | Facebook | Twitter| YouTube

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https://soundcloud.com/scattle

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Kite

kite-spotlight

kite-poster Summary: In a vast, multicultural and decimated urban landscape, post-financial collapse, Sawa, beautiful but emotionally detached, lives a secret life as a covert assassin. The daughter of a police detective involved in the investigation of human trafficking, she was orphaned at the tender age of 12 when an unknown assailant targeted both of her parents. Now 18, Sawa is a human time-bomb intent upon eliminating members of the flesh-cartels whom she presumes murdered her family—men who exploit the defenseless children of a collapsed society for the pleasure of high-paying, foreign clients.
Director: Ralph Ziman
Starring: Samuel L. Jackson, India Eisley, Callan McAuliffe, Carl Beukes, DeVille Vannik, Deon Lotz
Official Website
Wikipedia
IMDB
Metacritic

Kite-Animation

PLOT – SPOILER WARNING:
Never Underestimate a Girl with Nothing to Lose. Based on the groundbreaking, cult classic anime, KITE tells the story of Sawa (India Eisley,”The Secret Life of the American Teenager,” Underworld: Awakening), a young woman living in a corrupt society where crime and gangs terrorize the streets. When Sawa’s mother and policeman father are found victims of a grisly double homicide, she begins a ruthless pursuit for the man who murdered them. With the help of her father’s ex-partner, Karl Aker (Samuel L. Jackson, Captain America: The Winter Soldier, The Avengers, Django Unchained), and a mysterious friend from her past (Callan McAuliffe, The Great Gatsby, I Am Number Four), she becomes a merciless teen assassin, blasting her way through the dark world of human trafficking only to uncover a devastating truth.
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Bismuth

bismuth-spotlight
Bismuth is a chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83. Bismuth, a pentavalent post-transition metal, chemically resembles arsenic and antimony. Elemental bismuth may occur naturally, although its sulfide and oxide form important commercial ores. The free element is 86% as dense as lead. It is a brittle metal with a silvery white color when freshly produced, but is often seen in air with a pink tinge owing to surface oxidation. Bismuth is the most naturally diamagnetic element and has one of the lowest values of thermal conductivity among metals.

Bismuth metal has been known from ancient times, although until the 18th century it was often confused with lead and tin, which share some physical properties. The etymology is uncertain, but possibly comes from Arabic bi ismid, meaning having the properties of antimony or German words weisse masse or wismuth (“white mass”), translated in the mid-sixteenth century to New Latin bisemutum.
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Bismuth has long been considered as the element with the highest atomic mass that is stable. However, in 2003 it was discovered to be slightly radioactive: its only primordial isotope, bismuth-209, decays with a half life more than a billion times the estimated age of the universe.

Bismuth compounds account for about half the production of bismuth. They are used in cosmetics, pigments, and a few pharmaceuticals, notably Pepto-Bismol. Bismuth’s unusual propensity to expand upon freezing is responsible for some of its uses, such as in casting of printing type. Bismuth has unusually low toxicity for a heavy metal. As the toxicity of lead has become more apparent in recent years, there is an increasing use of bismuth alloys (presently about a third of bismuth production) as a replacement for lead.
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History
The name bismuth is from ca. 1660s, and is of uncertain etymology. It is one of the first 10 metals to have been discovered. Bismuth appears in the 1660s, from obsolete German Bismuth, Wismut, Wissmuth (early 16th century); perhaps related to Old High German hwiz (“white”). The New Latin bisemutum (due to Georgius Agricola, who Latinized many German mining and technical words) is from the German Wismuth, perhaps from weiße Masse, “white mass.” The element was confused in early times with tin and lead because of its resemblance to those elements. Bismuth has been known since ancient times, so no one person is credited with its discovery. Agricola, in De Natura Fossilium (ca. 1546) states that bismuth is a distinct metal in a family of metals including tin and lead. This was based on observation of the metals and their physical properties. Miners in the age of alchemy also gave bismuth the name tectum argenti, or “silver being made,” in the sense of silver still in the process of being formed within the Earth.
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Beginning with Johann Heinrich Pott in 1738, Carl Wilhelm Scheele and Torbern Olof Bergman, the distinctness of lead and bismuth became clear, and Claude François Geoffroy demonstrated in 1753 that this metal is distinct from lead and tin. Bismuth was also known to the Incas and used (along with the usual copper and tin) in a special bronze alloy for knives.
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Physical characteristics
Bismuth is a brittle metal with a white, silver-pink hue, often occurring in its native form, with an iridescent oxide tarnish showing many colors from yellow to blue. The spiral, stair-stepped structure of bismuth crystals is the result of a higher growth rate around the outside edges than on the inside edges. The variations in the thickness of the oxide layer that forms on the surface of the crystal causes different wavelengths of light to interfere upon reflection, thus displaying a rainbow of colors. When burned in oxygen, bismuth burns with a blue flame and its oxide forms yellow fumes. Its toxicity is much lower than that of its neighbors in the periodic table, such as lead, antimony, and polonium.
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No other metal is verified to be more naturally diamagnetic than bismuth. (Superdiamagnetism is a different physical phenomenon.) Of any metal, it has one of the lowest values of thermal conductivity (after manganese, and maybe neptunium and plutonium) and the highest Hall coefficient. It has a high electrical resistance. When deposited in sufficiently thin layers on a substrate, bismuth is a semiconductor, rather than an other metal.

Elemental bismuth is denser in the liquid phase than the solid, a characteristic it shares with antimony, germanium, silicon and gallium. Bismuth expands 3.32% on solidification; therefore, it was long a component of low-melting typesetting alloys, where it compensated for the contraction of the other alloying components, to form almost isostatic bismuth-lead eutectic alloys.
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Though virtually unseen in nature, high-purity bismuth can form distinctive, colorful hopper crystals. It is relatively nontoxic and has a low melting point just above 271 °C, so crystals may be grown using a household stove, although the resulting crystals will tend to be lower quality than lab-grown crystals.

At ambient conditions shares the same layered structure as the metallic forms of arsenic and antimony,[22] crystallizing in the rhombohedral lattice (Pearson symbol hR6, space group R3m No. 166), which is often classed into trigonal or hexagonal crystal systems. When compressed at room temperature, this Bi-I structure changes first to the monoclinic Bi-II at 2.55 GPa, then to the tetragonal Bi-III at 2.7 GPa, and finally to the body-centered cubic Bi-IV at 7.7 GPa. The corresponding transitions can be monitored via changes in electrical conductivity; they are rather reproducible and abrupt, and are therefore used for calibration of high-pressure equipment.
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Chemical characteristics
Bismuth is stable to both dry and moist air at ordinary temperatures. When red-hot, it reacts with water to make bismuth(III) oxide.
2 Bi + 3 H2O → Bi2O3 + 3 H2
It reacts with fluorine to make bismuth(V) fluoride at 500 °C or bismuth(III) fluoride at lower temperatures (typically from Bi melts); with other halogens it yields only bismuth(III) halides.[27][28][29] The trihalides are corrosive and easily react with moisture, forming oxyhalides with the formula BiOX.
2 Bi + 3 X2 → 2 BiX3 (X = F, Cl, Br, I)
Bismuth dissolves in concentrated sulfuric acid to make bismuth(III) sulfate and sulfur dioxide.
6 H2SO4 + 2 Bi → 6 H2O + Bi2(SO4)3 + 3 SO2
It reacts with nitric acid to make bismuth(III) nitrate.
Bi + 6 HNO3 → 3 H2O + 3 NO2 + Bi(NO3)3
It also dissolves in hydrochloric acid, but only with oxygen present.
4 Bi + 3 O2 + 12 HCl → 4 BiCl3 + 6 H2O
It is used as a transmetalating agent in the synthesis of alkaline-earth metal complexes:
3 Ba + 2 BiPh3 → 3 BaPh2 + 2 Bi
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Isotopes
The only primordial isotope of bismuth, bismuth-209, was traditionally regarded as the heaviest stable isotope, but it had long been suspected to be unstable on theoretical grounds. This was finally demonstrated in 2003, when researchers at the Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale in Orsay, France, measured the alpha emission half-life of 209Bi to be 1.9×1019 years, over a billion times longer than the current estimated age of the universe. Owing to its extraordinarily long half-life, for all presently known medical and industrial applications, bismuth can be treated as if it is stable and nonradioactive. The radioactivity is of academic interest because bismuth is one of few elements whose radioactivity was suspected and theoretically predicted, before being detected in the laboratory. Bismuth has the longest known alpha decay half-life, although tellurium-128 has a double beta decay half-life of over 2.2×1024 years.

Several isotopes of bismuth with short half-lives occur within the radioactive disintegration chains of actinium, radium, and thorium, and more have been synthesized experimentally. Bismuth-213 is also found on the decay chain of uranium-233.

Commercially, the radioactive isotope bismuth-213 can be produced by bombarding radium with bremsstrahlung photons from a linear particle accelerator. In 1997, an antibody conjugate with bismuth-213, which has a 45-minute half-life and decays with the emission of an alpha particle, was used to treat patients with leukemia. This isotope has also been tried in cancer treatment, for example, in the targeted alpha therapy (TAT) program.bismuth1

Occurrence and production
In the Earth’s crust, bismuth is about twice as abundant as gold. The most important ores of bismuth are bismuthinite and bismite. Native bismuth is known from Australia, Bolivia, and China.

According to the United States Geological Survey, the world mining production of bismuth in 2010 was 8,900 tonnes, with the major contributions from China (6,500 tonnes), Peru (1,100 tonnes) and Mexico (850 tonnes). The refinery production was 16,000 tonnes, of which China produced 13,000, Mexico 850 and Belgium 800 tonnes. The difference reflects bismuth’s status as a byproduct of extraction of other metals such as lead, copper, tin, molybdenum and tungsten.

Bismuth travels in crude lead bullion (which can contain up to 10% bismuth) through several stages of refining, until it is removed by the Kroll-Betterton process which separates the impurities as slag, or the electrolytic Betts process. Bismuth will behave similarly with another of its major metals, copper. The raw bismuth metal from both processes contains still considerable amounts of other metals, foremost lead. By reacting the molten mixture with chlorine gas the metals are converted to their chlorides while bismuth remains unchanged. Impurities can also be removed by various other methods for example with fluxes and treatments yielding high-purity bismuth metal (over 99% Bi). World bismuth production from refineries is a more complete and reliable statistic.
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Price
World mine production and annual averages of bismuth price (New York, not adjusted for inflation).
The price for pure bismuth metal has been relatively stable through most of the 20th century, except for a spike in the 1970s. Bismuth has always been produced mainly as a byproduct of lead refining, and thus the price, usually reflected the cost of recovery and the balance between production and demand.
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Demand for bismuth was small prior to World War II and was pharmaceutical – bismuth compounds were used to treat such conditions as digestive disorders, sexually transmitted diseases and burns. Minor amounts of bismuth metal were consumed in fusible alloys for fire sprinkler systems and fuse wire. During World War II bismuth was considered a strategic material, used for solders, fusible alloys, medications and atomic research. To stabilize the market, the producers set the price at $1.25 per pound (2.75 $/kg) during the war and at $2.25 per pound (4.96 $/kg) from 1950 until 1964.

In the early 1970s, the price rose rapidly as a result of increasing demand for bismuth as a metallurgical additive to aluminium, iron and steel. This was followed by a decline owing to increased world production, stabilized consumption, and the recessions of 1980 and 1981–82. In 1984, the price began to climb as consumption increased worldwide, especially in the United States and Japan. In the early 1990s, research began on the evaluation of bismuth as a nontoxic replacement for lead in ceramic glazes, fishing sinkers, food-processing equipment, free-machining brasses for plumbing applications, lubricating greases, and shot for waterfowl hunting. Growth in these areas remained slow during the middle 1990s, in spite of the backing of lead replacement by the US Government, but intensified around 2005. This resulted in a rapid and continuing increase in price.
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Recycling
Whereas bismuth is most available today as a byproduct, its sustainability is more dependent on recycling. Bismuth is mostly a byproduct of lead smelting, along with silver, zinc, antimony, and other metals, and also of tungsten production, along with molybdenum and tin, and also of copper production. Recycling bismuth is difficult in many of its end uses, primarily because of scattering.

Probably the easiest to recycle would be bismuth-containing fusible alloys in the form of larger objects, then larger soldered objects. Half of the world’s solder consumption is in electronics (i.e., circuit boards). As the soldered objects get smaller or contain little solder or little bismuth, the recovery gets progressively more difficult and less economic, although solder with a higher silver content will be more worthwhile recovering. Next in recycling feasibility would be sizeable catalysts with a fair bismuth content, perhaps as bismuth phosphomolybdate, and then bismuth used in galvanizing and as a free-machining metallurgical additive.

Bismuth in uses where it is dispersed most widely include stomach medicines (bismuth subsalicylate), paints (bismuth vanadate) on a dry surface, pearlescent cosmetics (bismuth oxychloride), and bismuth-containing bullets that have been fired. The bismuth scattered in these uses is unrecoverable with present technology.
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The most important sustainability fact about bismuth is its byproduct status, which can either improve sustainability (i.e., vanadium or manganese nodules) or, for bismuth from lead ore, constrain it; bismuth is constrained. The extent that the constraint on bismuth can be ameliorated or not is going to be tested by the future of the lead storage battery, since 90% of the world market for lead is in storage batteries for gasoline or diesel-powered motor vehicles.

The life-cycle assessment of bismuth will focus on solders, one of the major uses of bismuth, and the one with the most complete information. The average primary energy use for solders is around 200 MJ per kg, with the high-bismuth solder (58% Bi) only 20% of that value, and three low-bismuth solders (2% to 5% Bi) running very close to the average. The global warming potential averaged 10 to 14 kg carbon dioxide, with the high-bismuth solder about two-thirds of that and the low-bismuth solders about average. The acidification potential for the solders is around 0.9 to 1.1 kg sulfur dioxide equivalent, with the high-bismuth solder and one low-bismuth solder only one-tenth of the average and the other low-bismuth solders about average. There is very little life-cycle information on other bismuth alloys or compounds.
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Applications
Bismuth has few commercial applications, none of which is particularly large. Taking the US as an example, 884 tonnes of bismuth were consumed in 2010, of which 63% went into chemicals (including pharmaceuticals, pigments, and cosmetics), 26% into metallurgical additives for casting and galvanizing, 7% into bismuth alloys, solders and ammunition, and the balance into research and other uses.

Some manufacturers use bismuth as a substitute in equipment for potable water systems such as valves to meet “lead-free” mandates in the U.S. (starts in 2014). This is a fairly large application since it covers all residential and commercial building construction.

In the early 1990s, researchers began to evaluate bismuth as a nontoxic replacement for lead in various applications.

Extant

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extant-poster Summary: Extant is an American science fiction television dramatic series created by Mickey Fisher and executive produced by Steven Spielberg. The story revolves around astronaut Molly Woods (Halle Berry) who returns home to her family inexplicably pregnant after 13 months in outer space on a solo mission.
Creator: Mickey Fisher
Starring: Halle Berry, Hiroyuki Sanada, Goran Visnjic, Pierce Gagnon, Michael O’Neill, Grace Gummer, Camryn Manheim, Maury Sterling, Brad Beyer, Sergio Harford, Annie Wersching, Tyler Hilton, Jeannetta Arnette, Tessa Ferrer, Charlie Bewley
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PREMISE – SPOILER WARNING:
Molly Woods, an astronaut with ISEA (International Space Exploration Agency) is assigned a 13-month-long solo mission aboard space station Seraphim. She returns home to her husband John, a robotics engineer who created their son Ethan, a prototype android called a “humanich”. When she finds herself mysteriously pregnant, she begins a search for answers.

On August 7, 2013, CBS announced that it had placed a 13-episode straight-to-series order, bypassing the traditional pilot stage.[4] Steven Spielberg served as one of the executive producers. Production began in Los Angeles on February 10, 2014.

The series is broadcast in the United States on the CBS television network, and is a production of Amblin Entertainment. It premiered on Wednesday, July 9, 2014, at 9:00 pm Eastern/8:00 pm Central.
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Lamborghini Egoista

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The Lamborghini Egoista is a concept car unveiled by Lamborghini for the company’s 50th anniversary. The fully functioning model is based on the Gallardo. It features a 5.2 L (317 cu in) V10 engine producing 600 hp (447 kW; 608 PS).
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The Egoista has a unique canopy door and the cockpit, which is modeled after a modern fighter jet and completely removable, has only one seat for the driver. The steering wheel must be removed to enter and exit the vehicle.
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The unique exterior of the Egoista is meant to resemble a bull ready to charge if looked at from the side. The lighting resembles that of a modern airplane, with sidemarkers and indicators on the sides and top of the car as well as front and rear. The bodywork consists of active aerodynamic panels that raise and lower for optimum downforce and stability. The body and wheels are made of antiradar material to even more identify with jet fighters.

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In Spanish (as well as Italian and Portuguese), Egoista literally means “selfish”. According to the model’s designer Walter de Silva, the Egoista “represents hedonism taken to the extreme.”

The car is now on display at the Lamborghini museum located in Sant’Agata Bolognese.
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Russian State Scientific Center for Robotics and Technical Cybernetics (RTC)

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Russian State Scientific Center for Robotics and Technical Cybernetics (RTC)
is one of the largest research centers of Russia. The Institute was founded in January 1968 on the basis of Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnic University nowadays).
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The activities of the Institute are concentrated in spheres of research, development and creation of space, aerial, ground-based and aquatorial means of robotics and technical cybernetics.
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The Institute has its own production capabilities, research and specialized test benches. Departments and chairs of Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnic University are functioning on the basis of the Institute, and there are also regional, all-Russian and international seminars and conferences regularly held in RTC.
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ORGANIZATION MISSION
To create inter-branch, research and development innovative-educational complex for cybernetic and intelligent robotic systems, unified components (modules) for the systems of control, data processing and transfer, as the element of infrastructure in the sphere of realizing state research-and-technology policy in the form of federal center for science and high technologies. This center is aimed to make pilot samples of high technology field-oriented products
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ABOUT
Russian State Scientific Center for Robotics and Technical Cybernetics (RTC) is one of the largest research centers in Russia. The Institute has comprehensive basis both in research and development, owns research and specialized test benches and production capabilities.
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CREATED on 29th January, 1968 as Special Design Bureau of Technical Cybernetics at Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnic University nowadays), in 1981 it was re-organized into RTC.
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MAIN RTC ACTIVITIES are mechatronics and robotics, intelligent control systems, photon and optoelectronic engineering, special and space applications engineering, laser and space technologies, information-control systems and simulators.
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MAIN RTC DEVELOPMENTS: mobile robotic complexes for special applications and safety and security provision; ground-based, aerial and aquatorial systems for radiation control and monitoring, soft-landing control systems and life-support systems for spacecrafts, computer vision systems for objects guarding and control, network processors (screens) and information safety systems, automated laser technological complexes for marking, welding and cutting.
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RTC co-operates with field-oriented research institutes within Russian Academy of Sciences and Universities of Russia, and regularly holds all-Russian and international forums, conferences and seminars.
OFFICIAL WEBSITE
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99%IS- AUTUMN/WINTER 2014-15 “ALWAYS”

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About 99%IS- | Official Website | Instagram
BRAND
A Korean designer Bajowoo from Seoul. It is development with a product letting a background feel a mode in refined street-style in a rock taste. He makes a real leather item from the first collection with original studs item and parts. The expression method by his original point of view attracts attention. It’s a topic to collaboration with MACKINTOSH, COMME des GARCONS, GEROGE COX, UNDERGROND and more. And Lady Gaga, Chris Brown, Justin Bieber, Miguel, Big Bang and more famous wear on stage and private.

DESIGNER: BAJOWOO
Born in Seoul Korea, in 1984. Began studying at ESMODE Korea in 2003. After graduating from ESMODE, he created his own brand – which also became Korea’s first official “punk brand” – and began designing garments and artwork for rock bands. He built the backbone of his brand after visiting cities such as London, Paris, Tokyo, and Bangkok and interacting with its underground punk scene. In 2008, he moved his label to Tokyo, and was later admitted into Dressmaker fashion school in 2010 – he graduated four years later, in 2014. In his second year at fashion school, he officially launched 99%IS during the Autumn/Winter season of 2012, thus enabling the brand to make its debut at Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Tokyo for its 2014 Spring/Summer collection.

10:30a.m. Thursday 20 March 2014
Shibuya Hikarie, Tokyo
SHOW DIRECTOR
Shinji Torigoe (Drumcan Inc.)
STYLIST
Masahiro Nakajima
HAIR & MAKE
Katsuya Kamo
MUSIC
Yuji Honda (Soundtrax Inc.)

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